Student protests 50 years on
Helen Fisher, Archivist in Special Collections at the Cadbury Research Library, explores the 1968 student protests on campus.
1968 was a year of student protest across the world. It also saw a
week-long period of direct action by University of Birmingham students
who wanted a greater say in how the University was run. 50 years later, the Cadbury Research Library is holding an exhibition of archive material of the occupation of the Great Hall and offices in the Aston Webb building.
The unrest was the result of the perceived failure by the University to accept the demands of the Guild of Students for students to be represented on University committees such as Council and Senate. These demands had been made in a Guild report entitled 'The Student Role', issued in February 1968.
Although the report was generally well received, the University authorities had refused to meet the demands in full, and did not agree to a student presence on some University committees. Many students were frustrated by this, and also felt that the changes that had been agreed were happening too slowly. Following a general meeting at the end of October 1968, the Guild stated that unless the demands in 'The Student Role' were met in full by 27 November, direct action would follow.
On the day after the deadline, since Council had not conceded to all that the students were demanding, protestors took possession of the entrance to the Aston Webb building and the Great Hall.
During the week of direct action, leaflets, memoranda, and posters were used by both students and staff to announce meetings, provide commentary on events, and to communicate policies. There was also extensive coverage in the local and national press. These documents make clear that there were a number of competing perspectives.
The University authorities were keen to bring the occupation to an end, but many members of academic staff, especially in Arts and Social Sciences, were broadly supportive of the students' aims. Some staff, particularly in Science and Engineering, and in the Medical School, strongly opposed the protest. Press coverage was almost entirely negative.
Some students also disagreed with direct action, while others initially supported it. As the occupation continued it became more obvious that the student body was divided and that a growing number of students wanted to end the protest and resume negotiations with the University.
After a majority of students voted to end the occupation at a mass outdoor meeting on campus on 5 December, the University Senate announced it would set up an ad hoc committee to discuss University reforms with students. The following review led to an agreement between the Guild and University that saw full student membership of a number of University committees.
*Images used with permission from the Cadbury Research Library and the Birmingham Post and Mail